Friday, January 17, 2020
W. E. B. Du Bois: Double-Consciousness Ashanti Johnson SOC101 Lestine Shedrick October 18, 2011 W. E. B. Du Bois (1968-1963) was a huge contributor to sociology through the eyes and experience of an African-American scholar (Vissing, 2011). Du Bois was an author, activist and student of Black sociology. In his 1897 article, Strivings of the Negro PeopleÃ¢â¬ , Du Bois introduced the term Ã¢â¬Å"double-consciousnessÃ¢â¬ , a concept I believe to be just as relevant in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s African-American communities. Double consciousness refers to what Du Bois considered an absence of Ã¢â¬Å"true self consciousnessÃ¢â¬ (Du Bois, 1897) amongst Africans in America. In place of that absence, lies a dual awareness- awareness of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self combined with an awareness of how others perceive you. Is being an American a contradiction to Black identity, even in contemporary society? In his 1903 book, Ã¢â¬ËThe Souls of Black FolkÃ¢â¬â¢, Du /bois gives an analysis of African-Americans and double-consciousness, that Black people are caught between separate self conceptions, as an American and as an African. Ã¢â¬Å"The negro ever feels his two-ness, an American, a negro, two souls, two warring ideals and one dark body whose dogged strength keeps it from being torn asunderÃ¢â¬ (Du Bois, 1903). Du Bois broke his concept of double-consciousness down into three manifestations: First, the power of White stereotypes on Black life and thought. Second, racism and the exclusion of Black Americans from mainstream American society. Lastly, Du Bois points out the internal conflict between being of African descent and being an American. What is the power and influence of White stereotypes on the everyday lives of African-Americans today, in the 21st century? We live in a society that, many could argue, is saturated with Black culture. Commercial television, film and radio are largely influenced by African-American language, imagery and music. Examples of what used to be considered African-American youth vernacular, have seeped into mainstream culture. Words and phrases such as Ã¢â¬Å"blingÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"you go boyÃ¢â¬ are not Black slang, but American slang. The continued commercial inclusion of African-American images, language and music, does not eliminate double-consciousness- it may, in fact, magnify it. The stereotypes and images of Black people in America have evolved since Du Bois coined his term in 1897, but even the ever-changing understanding of Black culture leaves most African-Americans trapped in a conflict of who they are versus who they are believed to be in the eyes of America. On one hand, Africans are credited with inventing many genres of sound, dance, art and athletic styles. Although there are many groundbreaking contributions in math, medicine and science, Africans are not Ã¢â¬Å"popularÃ¢â¬ for these attributes. Because of this, many African-American parents keep their children from concentrating on such areas of strength as dance, music or sports in order to keep them away from a stereotypical field of study. Double-consciousness will have a talented athlete fore-go a sports career so that they are not considered Ã¢â¬Å"just another ball playerÃ¢â¬ . When we think of Black Americans being excluded from mainstream American society, we consider the generations leading to the civil rights movement. Today, our President is an African-American, so surely this issue is no longer relevant. Racism cannot flourish in contemporary America, right? According to Merriam WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary, racism is Ã¢â¬Å"a belief that some races are by nature superior to othersÃ¢â¬ and the Ã¢â¬Å"discrimination based on such beliefsÃ¢â¬ (Webster, 2011). We now live in an anti-racism society. It is frowned upon to act or react in any way that could be construed as racist. Our society has laws in place which make racist actions in the workplace, school or even in public- illegal. The conflict of double-consciousness still exists in this modern, anti-racist America. Perhaps even more frustrating for todayÃ¢â¬â¢s African-American, is living with the reality of racial tension in a society refusing to admit that such tension still exists. Du Bois spoke of internal conflict as being the most significant manifestation of double-consciousness. There is an inner conflict between being of both American and African lineage. African-Americans are a special group of immigrants who did not choose America as their new home. It was slavery that brought the African to America for generations of forced labor. The knowledge that most of the African culture, language, history and experience, was lost to American Africans after the slave trade, helps fuel the inner conflict. Where should the African-American feel his strongest connection? Africa? America? In conclusion, double-consciousness impacts the African-American today just as it did in the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s. W. E. B. Du Bois described his concept as Ã¢â¬Å"a world which yields no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other worldÃ¢â¬ (Du Bois, 1903). TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s politically correct society tends to use the word Ã¢â¬Å"color blindÃ¢â¬ , intended to show an acceptance for all people, regardless of race or color. Today, the double-conscious African-American must continue the search for his conscious identity in a society which has gone from color-racist to color-blind in a matter of a few decades. References Du Bois, W. E. B. (1897, August). Strivings of the negro people. The Atlantic, Du Bois, W. E. B. (1903). The souls of black folk. Chicago: McClurg and Company. racism. 2011. In Merriam-Webster. com. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from http://www. merriam-webster. com/dictionary/racism Vissing, Y. (2011). An introduction to sociology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Preference of B+ Tree over other structures Sarthak Anand(A20389087), email@example.com AbstractÃ¢â¬âThe purpose of this paper is the discuss the working of a B+ Tree and understand why it is preferred over other types of structures in database systems. KeywordsÃ¢â¬âB+ Tree, B Tree , indexing. I. INTRODUCTION A database management system (DBMS) is a combination of programs that gives the ability for you to store, extract and modify information from a database. There exist many different types of database management systems, ranging from small systems that run on personal devices to large systems that run on mainframes. Relational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) are the most popular database management systems used today. SQL (Sequential Query Language) is generally used to implement RDBMS. In RDMS, data is stored in tables and therefore the data is stored in rows and columns. RDBMS forms the base for all commercially used database management systems like Oracle, IBM DB2, MySQL etc. II. Indexing Data in a database are stored in ordered manner regardless of the structured being used. The data is stored in an ordered manner by using a primary key and unique identified value. This is known as indexing. III. types data structures Various types of data structures are used in a RDBMS. For example: Sequential Indexing, B Tree and B+ Tree. A. Sequential In this type of data structure, the records are ordered in a sequential manner. An index file keeps a track of the records byShow MoreRelatedRelational Database Management System ( Rdbms )996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesevaluation of how Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) can be applied to improve organization and business effectiveness. The method of analysis includes basic information of Relational Database Management System and reference of how database management can bring positive improvement on manage small or large amount of information in the organization. Also, include a brief information of business those are successful in their fieldÃ¢â¬â¢s thanks of the application of database system in their organizationsRead MoreRelational Database Management System ( Rdbms )1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract Relational database management system (RDBMS) have used for many decades. However, these databases are facing several challenges with the requirements of many organizations like high scalability and availability. They cannot deal with huge amount of data and requests efficiently. As a result, famous organizations such as Google and Amazon shift from RDBMS to NoSQL databases. NoSQL databases have several features that overcome issues. This paper explains features, principles, and data modelsRead MoreRelational Database Management System ( Rdbms )10516 Words Ã |Ã 43 PagesAbstract: In Nowadays, there are two major of database management systems which are use to deal with data, the first one called Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) which is the traditional relational databases, it deals with structured data and have been popular since decades since 1970, while the second one called Not only Structure Query Language databases (NoSQL), they are dealing with semi-structured and unstructured data; the NoSQL types are gaining their popularity with the developmentRead MoreRelational Database Management Systems ( Rdbms )1104 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRelational Database Management Systems (RDBMS) provides an efficient way for storage and processing of data but have limitations when it comes to handling Big Data. Apache Hadoop is an open source framework and its helps in the distributed processing of Big Data. Hadoop works on a distributed model, has a built in fault tolerance and handles scalability very efficiently. It is able to process data of size petabytes with help of its Map Reduce Programming model and Hadoop distributed File System. RDMBSRead MoreSql Vs. Oracle Server1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWilmington University Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract Databases are most paramount part in today s organizations. In the event that the servers are down for quite a while and data is not accessible there would be enormous misfortune to the organization regarding income and good will. Thus, databases play an essential part in today s business. There are various relational database management systems (RDBMS) like Microsoft Access, Sybase, MySQL and oracle but out of all databases Oracle and MS SQL are the widely usedRead MoreA Database Problem Before Recommending Sql, Nosql Or Bigdata838 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesknow about a database problem before recommending a SQL or NoSQL or BigData solution, that would help you make that recommendation? Ans) The things that we consider before recommending SQL, NoSQL or BigData are: Scalability: NoSQL databases are designed to expand transparently and horizontally to take advantage of new nodes, and designed with low-cost hardware. SQL have problems in Scalability. Data Capability: RDBMS are intolerable for large data volumes. NoSQL distributed databases, allow data toRead MoreDatabase Analysis : Database Management System Essay1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDatabases are fundamentally containers for data. When data for any organization needs to be stored, databases can be used. For example, letÃ¢â¬â¢s say a public library stores books, we could say that the library is a database of books. But specifically, databases are computer structures that save, organize, safeguard and produce and/or deliver data. A database platform is essentially a database management system (DBMS) which is a computer software application that interacts with the user, other applicationsRead MoreBig Data And Its Opportunities1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesissue called Information Explosion. Information Explosion is defined as the rate of growth of volume of data. Initially Scalable database systems (DBMS) were used to recover structured data from many sources. The most famous DBMS type is RDBM S (Relational Database Management Systems). In RDBMS data is stored in tables. As the data increases, time taken to query it from RDBMS becomes large and the cost of querying also increases. They have an exponential relationship. When data increases, time to queryRead MoreMicrosoft Sql Database Management System872 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMethodology Microsoft SQL Database Administrator Database plays a major role in any organization. As a Database administrator(DBA) he/she is responsible in developing, implementing and maintaining the databases and DBA s are also responsible in updating, backup s and security of the databases. The first Database Management System was developed in the late 1960 s by two firms based on their network data model but in the early 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s a scientist of IBM introduced Relational database theory after six yearsRead MorePerformance Through Pushdown Processing in Informatica 8.64316 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesPaper Table of Contents Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Historical Approaches to Data Integration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The Combined Engine- and RDBMS-based Approach to Data Integration . .5 How Pushdown Optimization Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Overview of Pushdown Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Tuesday, December 31, 2019
In modern society, technological advancements have caused casino gambling to shift to online, Ã¢â¬Å"on-the-goÃ¢â¬ , gambling. Online gambling can be effortlessly accessible to anyone over the legal age as required by various jurisdictions. Margee Hume and Gillian Mort argue that youth misperceive the definition of Ã¢â¬Å"gamblingÃ¢â¬ , as they believe gambling is a hobby from which one can receive rewards such as money (119). As a result, those gambling for rewards, do not generally acknowledge the possible negative outcomes associated with gambling. Hume and Mort claim that the majority of the youth define gambling Ã¢â¬Å"as a game, as fun, and as a family activityÃ¢â¬ , others considered gambling to be Ã¢â¬Å"games of skillÃ¢â¬ , and lastly, a small proportion described it to be Ã¢â¬Å"immoralÃ¢â¬ ¦ [and]Ã¢â¬ ¦riskyÃ¢â¬ (119). Online gambling has a negative impact on youth who resort to gambling since there is potential for addiction, financial loss, and a damaged soc ial life. The introduction of online gambling has increased the potential for addiction in society. Corporations are creating vast amounts of advertisements, encouraging more individuals to join their respective online gambling domains. Online gambling is considered to be the most addictive, compared to other games, due to Ã¢â¬Å"its structural characteristics, such as immediacy, accessibility, ease of bettingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (ChÃ ³liz 1). As new members join these domains and acknowledge the simplistic format and the possible rewards, more individuals find online gambling to be a sourceShow MoreRelatedInquiring Into The Social Assignment1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Inquiring into the social Ã¢â¬â Assignment 1 Draft Summary In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s modern society there have been numerous advances in the way we live our day to day lives. These advancements have not only changed the way we operate but have inadvertently shaped our younger generation into a more hybrid form. Gambling has always been seen as a chance to win more money at the expense of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s wallet. Yet it is often that individuals are prone to losing more rather than gaining, which has affected many by sendingRead MoreTaking a Look at Gambling669 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesGambling has been in existence for centuries, and it is gaining popularity today more than ever. With this trend, it is difficult to avoid questioning of any possible effects associated with gambling. There are many social and economic effects associated with the widespread practice. In this paper, we address these effects of gambling and its contribution to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s poverty status in America. We also examine the large industry of gambling and the dynamics of the busines s structures and revenues. Read MoreThe States Policy On Gambling1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdiscussing what the states policy on gambling should be, one must first become familiar with the definition of gambling. Gambling is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the activity or practice of playing at a game of chance for money or other stakesÃ¢â¬ . When people hear the word gambling, casinos, lotteries, and online gambling websites are what is most often thought of, however, these are not the only types of gambling. People can gamble throughout a variety of fashions, such as virtual gambling on tablets or smartphones, scratchRead MoreShould Internet Gambling Be Illegal?1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGambling in the United States has become more than a pastime in casinos because the internet has been adapted to include online gambling. Also, gambling previously has been exclusive to adults; yet, more and more teenagers are participating in the worldwide phenomenon of fantasy sports. Personally, I have n ever found gambling appealing because I think that it is a waste of time and money. As it is, gambling has become a problem and will continue to grow unless something is changed. There are numerousRead MoreThe Legalization Of The Gambling Industry878 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe gambling industry is growing rapidly in the United States as gambling has become increasingly more socially acceptable than it has been in the past. Many state governments, such as Nevada, have encouraged gambling as a key source of revenue, even more so after the recession we suffered in the late 2000s. Casino hotels, which account for the majority of industry revenue, have generally become larger in markets like Las Vegas, many generating annual revenue of about $500 million, according to theRead MoreBenefits Of Gambling Among College Students1147 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGambling Among College Students Gambling is risking money or something of value on uncertain events driven by chance. Most people see gambling as just another form of fun. Gambling often becomes a sensitive issue for the gambler and their family. This is especially important to consider, since the practice of gambling among college students is constantly growing with the rise of internet-based gambling.Though gambling is legal in many states, it does not make it right for people to engage in suchRead MoreGambling Is An Extremely Well Liked And Entertaining Activity For The Canadian Population1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesGambling is an extremely well liked and entertaining activity for the Canadian population. In theory, gambling can be a sense of fun and games, yet it has always been inevitably linked to the Canadian Criminal Code. It has been noticed that, Ã¢â¬Å"Canadians spend more on legal, government-promoted gambling than on clothing, shoes and medicine combinedÃ¢â¬ (Hutchison, 1999). In 1892 all forms of ga mbling were banned in Canada, with the exception of horse racing (Stevens, R., 2005). Throughout the years CanadiansRead MorePoker Regulation Persuasive Speech Outline1124 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPersuasive Outline Persuasive goal: Why online poker should be regulated in the states. I am persuading a question of fact, value, or policy? Policy I am persuading my audience to take action in what way? Understand online poker should be regulated and to get people to reach out to an elected official. I will focus on the following emotional appeal/need? Do what is right in a free country. I. Introduction a) Talk about how I became part of poker movement. b) On April 15th lastRead MoreEssay on Gambling Addiction In Gen. Y1308 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGambling Addiction In Gen. Y Gambling has become a growing issue concerning the generation y. According to a survey done by Ctcclearing.com1, 80% of teenagers claimed to have gambled in some form. With a percentage that large, is the problem simply that gambling is a right of passage or are teens more susceptible to the temptations that casinos have. The Addiction Compulsive gambling is a disease among many people. The American Psychiatric Association classifiesRead MoreImpact Of Gambling On The United States1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesApril 2017 GamblingÃ¢â¬â¢s rise to Legality in the United States Gambling has been a popular activity in the United States from the 1600Ã¢â¬â¢s to the present day United States. As gambling grows as a worldwide enterprise, it expands the United States with the opportunities it provides and the attention it consumes. Gambling as a whole benefits different recreational activities and events such as sports. Gambling also allows people visiting places like Las Vegas to enjoy playing poker with
Monday, December 23, 2019
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a well-known Civil Rights leader of the 1960s. King was born in 1929, and he changed and touched many lives during the span of his lifetime (McGuire Hutchings, 2007). King was a Baptist preacher, and he won several awards for being a leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (McGuire Hutchings, 2007). King was also affiliated with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People better known as the NAACP. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s mission was to make America believe in equal rights for all no matter the color of skin or gender. King led marches to stand up for minorities whose skin were not white. King wanted equality, and that is what he fought hard to get. King isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦King knew that the road to equality would consist of, and he knew it would not be easy. King made it his duty to own responsibility of making everyone equal. Compassion Dr. King expressed many values while preaching and speaking to the nation. Dr. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Forgiveness Dr. King did not hate anyone because of any of the things that was done to him. Bases of Power Dr. King was a leader who demonstrated legitimate power, referent power, reward power, and expert power. Legitimate power is acquired by a high position or authority (Raven, 2008). Dr. King was the pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, and he was the founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Dr. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s placement in those positions gave him access for the world to be able to hear what he had to say. Referent power is acquired by being an individual that another individual looks up to (Raven, 2008). Dr. King was respected by a lot of people. King was often commended for the work that he did for the community. People admired King for stepping out on faith and pursuing his dream. Leaders use reward power to offer their followers something that is wanted or desired (Raven, 2008). Dr. Martin Luther King and his followers reward would turn out to be Ã¢â¬Å"justice for allÃ¢â¬ . King and his protestors were willing to march, and protest to get the justice they deserved. A leader with expert power has knowledge which is valuable (Raven, 2008). Dr.Show MoreRelated Martin Luther King Jr. Essay637 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Martin Luther King, Jr. was perhaps one of the most influential person of our time. As the father of modern civil rights movement, Dr.Martin Luther king, Jr., is recognized around the world as a symbol of freedom and peace. Born January 15, 1929, King was the son of an Atlanta pastor. King accomplished many achievements during his life. He graduated from Morehouse as a minister in 1948 and went on to Crozer Theological seminary in Chester, Pa., where he earned a divinity degree. After that KingRead More Martin Luther King Jr. Essay607 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMartin Luther King Jr. On the first day of school, sophomore year, my history teacher presented me with the question of Who is your hero? I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a hero, and until then I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t thought about the subject. Later in the year, my eyes caught a quotation from Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on the bulletin board which stated somewhat to this effect, Do not merely be a thermometer that records the ideas and principles of popular opinion; but rather a thermostat that transforms the mores of societyRead MoreMartin Luther King, Jr Essay1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbe slaves, African-Americans saw a road trip to equality through the eyes of Martin Luther King, Jr. Even after being emancipated from slaves to citizens, African-Americans were not ready to wage the battle against segregation alone. The weight which African Americans carried on their back, was lightened when they began to see what Martin Luther King, Jr. brought to the table against segregation. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the single most i mportant African-American leader of the Civil Rights MovementRead MoreEssay on Martin Luther King, Jr.591 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMartin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born at home on Tuesday, January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents were Martin Luther, Sr. and Alberta King. He was born into a world where segregation was the law. Where his boyhood best friend, who was white, wasnt allowed to play with him once they started school. Where black people went to separate bathrooms, drank from separate water fountains, couldnt eat in whites only restaurants, and had toRead More Martin Luther King jr. Essay2770 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Dream. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream. A dream of freedom, of complete brother hood, the true American dream, the dream of full equality. King was one of historyÃ¢â¬â¢s most influential leaders of racial justice. King organized marches, speeches, and much more to motivate the Africans of America to fight for their rights. His political philosophy and strong beliefs helped lead our nation to the racial justice we have today. Dreams King speaks of the American dream in almostRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr. Essay1862 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbut the content of the character,Ã¢â¬ (Martin Luther King Jr,1963) Martin Luther King Jr. was a smart child and had a good childhood. He learned values from his parents, and Martin Luther King Jr was a man of much wisdom during his time. He was a major contributor to the civil rights movement, and those contributions have profound effect even today. Michael Luther King was Martin Luther King JrÃ¢â¬â¢s name when was born. His parents changed his name to Martin Luther King when he was just a young boy. TheyRead More Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMartin Luther King, Jr. I HAVE A DREAM! In an era when racial discrimination and public bigotry towards African Americans in the United States was becoming more evident, this simple, but powerful statement by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was a beacon of hope for all African Americans in the country. In his speech, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, Dr. King expresses his frustration that after a hundred years since the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, African Americans are still treatedRead More Martin Luther King Jr. Essay1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThat one man is Martin Luther King, Jr. He has a way of making you listen when he speaks and of making you understand his ideas. Many people did listen and he motivated a whole race of people to strive with him on his quest for equality. The events in his life from early life, civil rights, and later life led him to be one of the most powerful people in the movement towards civil rights. Martin Luther King, JR., was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15, 1929 to Martin Luther King and Alberta WilliamsRead MoreMartin Luther King, Jr. Essay933 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages HISTORIC FIGURE: MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.Ã¢â¬Æ' Historic Figure: Martin Luther King, Jr. i. Life and education. ii. Motivation. iii. Attributes and qualities. iv. Movements, protests and activities. v. Achievements and awards. vi. His legacy. Historic Figure: Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is a legend whose life, ideas and actions had great influence in the civil rights movement and liberation of the oppressed in the US and the world. King was born on Saturday, JanuaryRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr. Essay1553 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMartin Luther King Jr. From the Apostle Paul to Martin Buber: Martin Luther Kings use of Historical and Religious Figures in his Letter From Birmingham Jail In his Letter From Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is addressing his fellow clergymen in response to their accusations of his unwise and untimely activities. Like most other reformers, he finds his greatest rationalization and defense from the word of God. Considering the religious affiliation of his audience, King appeals
Sunday, December 15, 2019
American Westward movement, advocated by many as the divine destiny of the United States, is the movement of the people from the settled regions of the United States to lands farther west between early 17th and late 19th century. The earliest and most significant of the factors which contributed to the westward spread of Ã¢â¬ËAmerican frontierÃ¢â¬â¢ was the economic motives of the colonists. Fur traders in New England, New York and Pennsylvania bartered with the Native Americans in the Ohio River Valley and the Great Lakes for beaver pelts. We will write a custom essay sample on American Westward Movement: Significance of the Contributing factors or any similar topic only for you Order Now Southerners reached to the Mississippi and beyond to trade with native Americans for deerskins. Later, the farmers who could not meet their mortgage payments on their lands as a result of the depression caused by the financial collapse in 1837 also moved westward for free land. Epidemics was another major contributing factor for the westward movement. In the East, more people died of such diseases as typhoid, dysentery, tuberculosis, scarlet fever and malaria than from any other cause. Yellow fever so decimated the population of New Orleans and settlements along the Mississippi River to the north that the regional death rate exceeded its birth rate for nearly a century and in the 1830s an epidemic of cholera, which had started in Asia, rampaged through Europe, and came across the Atlantic on passenger ships, struck the East Coast and spread inland. The third significant contributing factor was The American Civil War. The civil war caused so much misery that thousands of people looked upon west as a means of escape from their devastated homes. To these people the West was the means to achieve health, wealth and happiness. The significance of these factors lies in the fact that the western expansion they caused resulted in making United States one of the most powerful countries in the world. Further, the American expansion also meant that the west was dominated by Anglo-American ways of life and institutions rather than French or Spanish ones; because latter were also trying to expand in North America in 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. However, the American westward movement curbed their efforts in this regard. Nonetheless, though the American westward movement was very beneficial for the United States, it proved fatal to the Native Americans who were the indigenous people settled in these lands. Their culture and way of life suffered destruction as a result of the westward expansion. How to cite American Westward Movement: Significance of the Contributing factors, Papers
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Question: Discuss about theMarketing and Management for Commonwealth Serum. Answer: Introduction Marketing and management is referred to the organizational discipline that focuses on practical application of the orientation of marketing, its methods as well as techniques inside the organizations, enterprises and also on the management of the firms marketing activities and resources. They employ tools from competitive strategy and economics in order to analyze the industrial context through which the firms operations are carried out. These also include five forces of Porter, analysis of value chain, strategic group analysis of the competitors and more (Armstrong et al. 2015). The report throws light on the management analysis of a renowned biotechnology company CSL Limited. Established in the year 1916, the Commonwealth Serum Laboratories, often abbreviated as CSL, is a government body of Australia which focuses on the manufacture of vaccines. The biotechnology company is globally renowned and it develops, manufactures, markets and researches products in order to prevent and treat serious medical conditions (Galambos and Sturchio 2013). The report highlights the importance of the company to the international and Australian business landscape. It focuses on the companys mission and vision, planning and strategies, human resource management, leadership approach and the value chain control and technology. Further, it provides the strategic approach along with some recommendations. Discussion Background Commonwealth Serum Laboratories or CSL is a company of biotherapeutics, which develops as well as delivers innovative therapies in order to save life of millions of people. Moreover, the company helps in providing with medical treatment for life threatening diseases and helps the individuals to lead a better life. With over seventeen thousand employees working in over thirty countries, the company has its major facilities in Germany, Switzerland, United States, United Kingdom and Australia (Miller et al. 2017). The companys areas of expertise are vaccines and pharmaceuticals, antivenom, plasma products, research and development. Their achievements include treatment of the diabetic patients in Australia by producing insulin in the year 1923, development of the tetanus vaccine in the year 1938, rapid production and adoption of polio vaccine in the year 1956 and many more. The company received several awards for their initiatives for the childrens welfare and also providing the employee s with outstanding equal opportunities (Coombs and Alston 2016). CSL companys board members are highly responsible for looking after the organizations management and providing them with strategic direction. The Global group of leaders is responsible for the overall operations of the company. The companys chairman Professor John Shine AC maintains a higher standard of governance in the corporation. Mr. Paul Perreault is the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of the company, who has been leading the company to its success. Other board members namely, David Anstice, Bruce Brook, Megan Clark and others has also made a remarkable change within the company and helped it grow (Hampson 2016). The company prefers to choose clients for planning the business transactions, within the counterparties and market their products. Professionals of the international company have successfully completed over five hundred consulting agreements throughout North America as well as abroad. It has focused on the wide variety of developing economic issues and planning event facility. The company has managed to build a good reputation to their international clients, by meeting their needs and demands and offering them with best quality services (Dentovskaya et al. 2013). CSL has maintained its credibility in the international market too. Large professional and highly experience staffs is one of the main reasons for holding their marketplace in the international platform as well. The market has already marked its impression in the Australian market and therefore, more marketing strategies, like digital marketing will benefit the company on a long run. Moreover, the company maintains global he alth, environmental management and safety by ensuring its high standard operations (Curling, Goss and Bertolini 2013). Planning CSL made a promise in preserving and protecting the health and well being of the nation hundred years ago, still the promise is strong. The company is now the global leader of Biotherapeutics, bringing innovation in therapies for patients all around the globe. CSL Limiteds vision and mission is to hold its position of leadership by unique fusion of Research and Development, financial backup and perfection in operations. The company is globally successful because of its devotion in scientific innovations. Its vision is to provide its customers with safe and quality treatment and the company is committed towards its goals (Hampson 2016). CSL Limited is establishing and continues to establish and maintain strong strategic collaborations with academies and organizations throughout United States of America, Europe, Asia, etc. The range of innovation in research, both basic and applied research in biotechnology, vaccines and plasma therapeutics is due to these collaborations. The companys technologies support an early opportunity for research, its research is aided by the ability of development around the globe. It is good in manufacturing complex matters and its research activities are mainly focused on development of products, management of the life cycle and safety (Galambos and Sturchio 2013). By implementing modern and innovative approach, the company has invested a lot in the development of medicines based on proteins which comes from plasma, modern sources or recombinant biotechnology, in order to treat serious diseases. CSL is mainly focused on building its RD in areas of Oncology, Inflammation, Immunology and coagulation factors. Moreover, in order to sustain these practices, the company maintains global health, environmental management and safety by ensuring its high standard operations (Yang 2016). Human Resource Management CSL Companys Human Resource Management policies are highly appreciated and commendable. It has toiled hard in order to provide its employees and associates with a great life of working. One of the good qualities of the company is that, it gives equal importance to non-monetary factors, such as balancing professional and personal life as well, better growth opportunities, good leadership as well as a friendly environment of training and working (Bines et al. 2015). Interaction with the associates has revealed the fact that the workers are happy working with the company, along with several non-monetary factors. The companys culture and guiding principles have a notable impact on the Human Resource policies and practices of the organization, which include manpower selection, recruitment and also planning, training and development, grievance redress, employee retention and welfare initiatives (France 2014). Apart from all these, CSL Limited has earned international fame and acclamation for their safety and health policies. There vision is to become the leading company as well as the facilitator of best and quality services across the world. It has built a good reputation and image, through the creation of a healthy and safe environment and providing their customers with best therapies, superior services and treatments for their welfare. They take into account every single item and with great detail, to please the customers and check that they dont get offended with the services. Their major concern is the customers well being and their safety. The company has helped in framing the modern industry of biotechnology. They have proper verified certificates of positive health and the environmental impact, as they provide improved treatment, therapies and other services to their customers as well as the employees (Diaz Granados, Denis and Plotkin 2012). The company recruits new workers and conducts an orientation program for them, in order to ensure that they have the required skills to perform effectively and efficiently. The new workers are introduced to the working culture of the company. The employees are provided with fifteen minutes training each day, which addresses essential knowledge areas and skill, clinical research, scientific technologies and other services (Abbott and Cohen 2014). In addition to this, they are given trainings regarding disciplinary skills, management, Public Relations and others, for satisfying their target customers and provide them with the best quality services. The organization conducts various management programs, where different types of courses are taught by the certified trainers, professional experts and others. The employees are motivated and encouraged to interact as well as share their views and opinions regarding clinical researches, medical treatments and more (Yang 2016). Leadership A companys success depends on how a person is treating his/her employees. It should not be taken lightly as it acts as a powerful energizer that can take a company into something greater and huge. The CSL Limited organization always looks out for modern and innovative measures for hiring, training or developing their employees. Moreover, they are given enormous opportunities as well as benefits, which assists in the productivity and profitability of the company itself (Ferro 2015). They motivate their employees by giving them opportunities of solving problems that arises, at times. This helps in gathering some innovative as well as creative ideas. They encourage the workers to voice their thoughts and share their opinions fearlessly. This helps the organization to gain an understanding of the issues of their associates. They offer their employees with individual career counseling and mentor them for their personality development. This sort of leadership approach is required in every company, and CSL has reached the heights of appreciation by such motivational leaderships (Coombs and Alston 2016). The industrys mission and vision is to enhance the customers lives by providing them with best quality medical treatments and services. They take care of their customers and their safety is the companys primary concern. They have managed to earn trust and faith of the customers, which has proved its credibility in the market. With Professor Johns leadership, the company has shined and earned huge appreciation. He has always believed in hiring the right people. If a person lacks dedication and confidence he/she can never help in the companys success. Therefore, a leader must have an eye for the right people. He/she must choose the members wisely, as the employees are the companys heart (Jayasinghe et al. 2013). According to the CEO of the company, a leader should know the importance of partnerships. Paul believes finding a right partner for the company can help in creating brand awareness and in turn help in achieving the companys goals. In Pauls opinion, customers and employees are the pillars of any business. Employees must treat the customers nicely by giving them a personal touch, like greeting them or remembering the orders who are regular. If any miscommunication occurs between a customer and an employee regarding any order, the employee must rectify his/her mistake. The companys vision is to provide the customers with best quality treatments and with such leaders; it has become easier (Potter et al. 2014). Controlling the Value Chain and Technology CSL Limited conducts its operations management in a very effective and efficient manner. It has strived to gain a position in the market, which is highly acclaimed. Moreover, the company encourages skilled and diverse workforce, which helps the company gain competitive advantage on the global platform. A company with diverse collection of experiences and skills for example; cultural understanding, languages, ethnicity and more, is able to provide services to the customers globally. It helps in enhancing the companys service range, which is beneficial for them (Stadtler 2015). A diverse group of workforce at CSL, has enabled the employees freely communicate and provide a wide range of experiences, points of view and skills. It helps the organization to meet the needs of customers and business strategies more adequately. Multinational companies, which encourage diverse workforce, can be an inspiration to all of its associates and encourage them to perform to their best. The operations management encourage the employees effectively execute and implement business strategies, which in turn results in profitability, return of investment and profit. The company has effectively managed its employees behavior and attitude and moreover, diversity trainings have proved advantageous for the company (Monczka et al. 2015). However, with the invention of new technologies, CSL Limited is reshuffling its technological factors and implementing new ones. The companys supply chain management is highly efficient and effective in the stock management segments. Moreover, managing inventories is a major factor for the effective management of supply chain. The particular area of managing the inventory has received attention in both the practitioner as well as academic fields. Several new techniques and tools are being implemented for managing the inventories all across the supply chain. It helped the company in reducing costs and at the same time, improves efficiency (Stadtler 2015). In modern days competitive environment, implementation of information technology in supply chain management plays a very crucial part for the success of any company. Each and every company looks out for innovative ways to improve their own supply chains and its application. They are upgrading the supply chain systems or even implementing a new one in order to compete with the other companies. The implementation must be planned and strategically made, keeping in mind the pros and cons. Therefore, the company should keep this factor into consideration for its further improvement (Armstrong et al. 2015). Recommendations CSL Limited has successfully won many peoples hearts, in terms of services as well as loyalty. The biotechnology company has attained much appreciation from their target customers and the media. Adding to this, the organization can further implement more effective strategies as well as policies, to gain mass attention and better benefits. Employees must receive day to day trainings and be motivated as well as encouraged. Each and every employee must have a common goal during their training sessions; this would help in checking their efficiency. Furthermore, categorical development programs must be introduced amidst the workers, who are qualified to move to the upcoming stage. Introduction of feedback will help the company understand their faults and mistakes, if any. In addition to this, the company should implement new and innovative technologies as the globalized world is becoming more and more competitive. With the advent of digital media, marketing has become easier. Therefore, t he company should focus more on this segment to capture the international markets. To conclude, CSL Limited holds uncompromising ethical and legal standards. This assists them extend their regular worker policies, business conduct, supply chain policies, environmental programs and practices as well as their involvement or commitment towards human rights and social responsibility. The organization has attached great importance to the welfare of the common people. Its inception is from the entry level and now it has gone to higher positions. Every industrial unit has already prepared the plans of extensions in near future. Furthermore, they have always supported the communities, where they work as well as live. The industry stresses on several global issues, like poverty alleviation, development of community workforce, childrens wellbeing, environment global diversity as well as its inclusion. References Abbott, M. and Cohen, B., 2014. A Survey of the Privatisation of Government?Owned Enterprises in Australia since the 1980s.Australian economic review,47(4), pp.432-454. Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M. and Brennan, R., 2015.Marketing: an introduction. Pearson Education. Bines, J.E., Danchin, M., Jackson, P., Handley, A., Watts, E., Lee, K.J., West, A., Cowley, D., Chen, M.Y., Barnes, G.L. and Justice, F., 2015. Safety and immunogenicity at birth or in infancy: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.The Lancet Infectious Diseases,15(12), pp.1389-1397. Coombs, J. and Alston, Y.R. eds., 2016.International Biotechnology Directory. Springer. Coombs, J. and Alston, Y.R. eds., 2016.International Biotechnology Directory. Springer. Curling, J., Goss, N. and Bertolini, J., 2013. The history and development of the plasma protein fractionation industry.Production of plasma proteins for therapeutic use, pp.3-30. Dentovskaya, S.V., Kopylov, P.K., Ivanov, S.A., Ageev, S.A. and Anisimov, A.P., 2013. Molecular bases of vaccine-prevention of plague.Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Virology,28(3), pp.87-98. Diaz Granados, C.A., Denis, M. and Plotkin, S., 2012. Seasonal influenza vaccine efficacy and its determinants in children and non-elderly adults: a systematic review with meta-analyses of controlled trials.Vaccine,31(1), pp.49-57. Ferro, .F.M., 2015.Clinical research in a pharmaceutical industry(Master's thesis, Universidade de Aveiro). France, M., 2014. The tortuous journey from bench to bedside: exploring the contribution of animal research.Mixing it upethics, science and adventure tourism, p.75. Galambos, L. and Sturchio, J.L., 2013. The transformation of the pharmaceutical industry in the twentieth century.Companion to Science in the Twentieth Century. Routledge, London and New York, pp.227-252. Hampson, M.A., 2016. Award of Honorary Degree of Doctor of Medicine. Jayasinghe, Y.L., Moore, E.E., Tabrizi, S.N., Grover, S.R. and Garland, S.M., 2013. Human papillomavirus in adolescents: lessons learned from decades of evaluation.Journal of paediatrics and child health,49(2), pp.99-104. Miller, W.G., Seegmiller, J.C., Lieske, J.C. and Narva, A.S., 2017. Standardization of Urine Albumin Measurements: Status and Performance Goals. Monczka, R.M., Handfield, R.B., Giunipero, L.C. and Patterson, J.L., 2015.Purchasing and supply chain management. Cengage Learning. Potter, A., Johansen, C.A., Fenwick, S., Reid, S.A. and Lindsay, M.D., 2014. The seroprevalence and factors associated with Ross River virus infection in western grey kangaroos (Macropus fuliginosus) in Western Australia.Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases,14(10), pp.740-745. Stadtler, H., 2015. Supply chain management: An overview. InSupply chain management and advanced planning(pp. 3-28). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Yang, R.S. ed., 2016.Toxicology of chemical mixtures: case studies, mechanisms, and novel approaches. Elsevier.
Friday, November 29, 2019
How has my experiences with language shaped my current identity? I have always defined myself as a West Indian woman, an Island girl, the way I speak, the way I dress, to me that is my identity, this is who I am. I have never thought of it like this before, that my language would determine my cultural identity. Language plays a crucial role in personal identity. My first memories began when I was four, I can remember hearing my great grandmothersÃ¢â¬â¢ voice as she would rouse me from my sleep, Ã¢â¬Å"wake up chile, its morning,Ã¢â¬ her voice sounded like soft, light waves caressing the sand as it gently hit the shore, or when she would admonish me for being naughty could change to an angry wind whooshing through the trees. Within my immediate surroundings everyone sounded the same, my family, my neighbors, my friends, myself. In Grenada, at secondary school it was another experience for me, where its all mixed with students from all over the island, based on my dialect, others could often tell which parish I was from. We will write a custom essay sample on Language and Identity or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I am from the southern parish called St. GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s, which is the capital where I was expected to speak Ã¢â¬ËproperÃ¢â¬â¢ with excellent grammar and also often times perceived as being cultured and well educated whereas compared to students from the northern parish (St. PatrickÃ¢â¬â¢s), they were labeled as speaking Ã¢â¬Ëbad,Ã¢â¬â¢ poorly or uneducated which may not be the case. For example, I remember my first year at secondary school, our teacher came into the classroom and was recording attendance, she asked for another student named Shirley Mc Intyre, someone said Ã¢â¬Å"she doh dey today,Ã¢â¬ whereas grammatically speaking its suppose to be Ã¢â¬Å"she is not here today. Ã¢â¬ Right away based on her dialect it was known that she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t from St. GeorgeÃ¢â¬â¢s. Moving to America from my homeland Grenada, learning to pronounce my words properly in order to be understood was very important. I felt alienated being thrust into a new place and culture. Listening to everyone else sounded to me like a sea of different voices, dialects, tongues, I could hear the different vibrations and hums, there was African, Spanish, America, Haitian, Jamaican all in one place. I had to learn the American ways of communicating effectively. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t identify with myself because I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t sound the same as everyone else except for when around close friends and family. I had to slow my speech and formulate my words and sentences in a way in which I could be understood. For example, being taught new ways of pronouncing words, the word which I knew as status, I would say Ã¢â¬Å"stay- tusÃ¢â¬ whereas in the U. S. its Ã¢â¬Å"sta-tusÃ¢â¬ and route, I would say Ã¢â¬Å"rootÃ¢â¬ as opposed to Ã¢â¬Å"rh- outÃ¢â¬ even the spelling of some words like Ã¢â¬Å"behaviourÃ¢â¬ now became Ã¢â¬Å"behavior. Ã¢â¬ Once I started speaking people could sometimes tell where IÃ¢â¬â¢m from, for example, they would often ask if IÃ¢â¬â¢m from the Islands. I had to act American and try and sound American in order to fit in. I would often ask myself how could I speak to fit in an American culture without losing my true Grenadian identity? So it depends on the setting I would adjust my speech to suit, if speaking on the phone to my friends in Grenada, I would speak Grenadian, if IÃ¢â¬â¢m at a store, I would speak my best Ã¢â¬ËAmerican. Ã¢â¬â¢ In some cultures, women are taught to speak quietly and discreetly, in others they cannot speak unless they were spoken to. In my cultural experience, growing up as a young girl I was taught by my great grandmother and teachers at school to speak discreetly amongst my friends, family, and in public, Ã¢â¬Å"ladies should be seen and not heardÃ¢â¬ was sort of like a mantra in my home. It was sort of a culture shock for me moving here i. e. America and hearing people speaking loudly and freely whether you wanted to listen to what they were saying or not. To conclude, I would say I love and appreciate my speech; it reminds me of where I came from, and in helping to shape my identity, I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t change anything about it. Although it may seem that my language and identity is forever changing, learning to adapt and communicate, its all a learning process.